Agenda for Change members working on systems approaches
The Government of Rwanda, working alongside Water For People in Rulindo district, adopted the “District Wide Approach” in 2016. Agenda for Change members Aguaconsult, IRC, WaterAid, and Water for People worked together to replicate the approach from Rulindo district in five additional districts (Bugesera, Gicumbi, Karongi, Ngororero, and Nyamagabe) between 2017 and 2019, and planning is now underway to scale the approach nationally.
Systems strengthening activities
The District Wide Approach considers the district as the entry point for strengthening water, sanitation, and hygiene systems, while also recognising the broader national enabling environment. Districts are responsible for oversight on all service delivery and are responsible for ensuring sustainable access to WASH services. The approach requires a set of comprehensive investment plans to reach the goal of sustainable service delivery.
To support key sector strengthening activities, the government and Agenda for Change members developed a series of assessments tools that are now available for district governments to utilize. A system building block assessment is planned to provide deeper analysis of sector performance and gaps by building block. A WASH finance thematic working group has been established and held preliminary meetings to advocate for more budget allocation to the WASH sector.
How strong are the systems?
To determine how well systems are working, we rely on data derived from Building Blocks, which are manageable ‘sub-systems’ that can be supported and strengthened. Certain building blocks may be more strongly developed or applied at district or national levels. Interactions between building blocks are essential.