El Salvador

Agenda for Change members working on systems approaches

Please note this is a summary of information. You can learn more on the CRS El Salvador and CWSC websites.

CRS and the Inter-American Development Bank’s Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB/MIF) announced the launch of Azure in 2018, a blended finance facility catalyzing both investment and grant capital to improve water and sanitation services for under-served communities in El Salvador.

The Center for Water Security and Cooperation (CWSC) is working with the government of El Salvador to draft a national water law and a drinking water and sanitation law that will serve as the foundation for achieving water security and for actualizing universal access to water and sanitation.

Systems strengthening activities

The Azure initiative is aimed at improving water supply for 300,000 people across El Salvador, through a combination of increased financial support, technical support, and training for local water providers. The initiative combines the strengths of CRS, the IDB, Total Impact Capital, and local technical assistance partner, Azure El Salvador.

Other partners
Entities of the Central Government

National government, Administración Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados (ANDA) Rural

Local Governments

Municipal water service providers

All others

Inter-American Development Bank, Total Impact Capital

  • Systems strengthening activities


  • Emergency efforts from Azure have responded to the  COVID-19 pandemic by providing restored water service to about 10,000 families and 11 community and municipal water service providers.
  • To date, Azure Initiative has provided technical assistance for more the 180 rural water service providers in El Salvador mobilizing more than $6.5 million in blended financing to execute improvements.
  • Additionally, to date, Azure has extended 28 loans financing more than USD 2.8 million in water and sanitation infrastructure improvement without any late payments.


  • Chronic underfunding and delayed management of water systems across the country has weakened the WASH system significantly. 
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the difficulty of accessing clean water, with stay-at-home orders complicating movement to water sources.

How strong are the systems?

To determine how well systems are working, we rely on data derived from Building Blocks, which are manageable ‘sub-systems’ that can be supported and strengthened. Certain building blocks may be more strongly developed or applied at district or national levels. Interactions between building blocks are essential.

National level

Building Block




Institutional Arrangements & Coordination

Service Delivery Infrastructure




Regulation & Accountability

Water Resource Management

Learning & Adaptation

  • Not implemented
  • No data yet
  • Poor results
  • Fair results
  • Good results


Systems Library

Please note this is a summary of available resources. You can learn more on the CRS El Salvador and CWSC websites.

Strengthening Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Systems: Concepts, Examples, and Experiences

PDF Download

Strengthening Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Systems: Concepts, Examples, and Experiences


Azure – Investing in Water

PDF Download

El Salvador Collaborative Behavior Country Profile 2020

Blog Post

Expanding access to clean water in El Salvador

PDF Download

The Roundtable on Financing Water

PDF Download

Diagnóstico de los Sistemas de Agua Potable y Saneamiento Rurales No Administrados por ANDA

PDF Download

Fostering Water and Sanitation Markets in Latin America and the Caribbean


Iniciativa Azure
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