Agenda for Change members working on systems approaches
To support the promotion of WASH rights and good hygiene behaviour, WaterAid helps develop the capacity of sector stakeholders, create and share important research, and influence government policy and institutions. WaterAid works in three key areas: Sustainable Programme Delivery, Sanitation and Hygiene Advancement, and Sector Engagement and Influencing, and strategizes to include aspects of health, education, and nutrition in their programs.
Water For People has been working in Malawi since 2000, and has been a leader in the WASH systems strengthening approach since 2006. Water For People’s Everyone, Forever model is focused on supporting local and national government authorities, collaborating with other non-governmental organizations and partners, and utilizing community led, market-based approaches. Aguaconsult has also supported Water For People in the development of country-specific financial analysis tools, such as the ‘At What Cost’ tool used in Malawi, which helps to determine appropriate tariffs for rural water services.
Welthungerhilfe and Aguaconsult (through the Sustainable Services Initiative), work alongside World Vision international, WaterAid, and Water for People in an effort to apply the District-Wide Approach in four districts.
Systems strengthening activities
WaterAid uses four strategic objectives to guide their work in Malawi: empowering citizens to engage with their WASH rights, delivery of sustainable WASH services at scale, promoting coordination and accountability within the WASH sector, and ensuring sanitation and hygiene behaviour change is achieved at scale. WaterAid’s three main programs support these strategic objectives, alongside work that advocates and influences policy.
Water For People support the district councils in Blantyre peri-urban, Chikwawa, and Chiradzulu districts to assess their WASH assets and services and prepare a full Life Cycle WASH plan. Using this Plan, Water For People is co-investing in new infrastructure, repairing and rehabilitating existing water points and kiosks, increasing access to sanitation through market-based approaches, and ensuring access to WASH services in schools and clinics.
Welthungerhilfe is using participatory approaches to provide health, nutrition, and hygiene in schools and community health clubs, focusing their efforts on women and children through these institutions. Additionally, Welthungerhilfe supports refugees in Malawi by providing sanitation facilities and clean water for washing and drinking at the Dzaleka refugee camp.
How strong are the systems?
To determine how well systems are working, we rely on data derived from Building Blocks, which are manageable ‘sub-systems’ that can be supported and strengthened. Certain building blocks may be more strongly developed or applied at district or national level. Interactions between building blocks are essential.