Agenda for Change members working on systems approaches

Please note this is a summary of information. You can learn more on the Aguaconsult, Helvetas, WaterAid, and Welthungerhilfe websites.

Through the Sustainable Services Initiative, Welthungerhilfe  and Aguaconsult are supporting systems strengthening work in Nepal by supporting local authorities and advising local entrepreneurs to ensure water access and management for schoolchildren, adolescent girls, and women. Aguaconsult also provided technical support for the application of the Agenda for Change Roadmap in five local authorities (palikas) in the Chitwan and Siraha districts.

Helvetas Nepal works with local communities to promote protection and sustainable usage of water resources, including a focus on supplying clean drinking water, building latrines, and efficient irrigation methods in 5 districts in the Karnali and Sudurpaschim provinces.

WaterAid Nepal helps marginalised communities advocate for their rights to water and sanitation, and also works to make sure government and decision-makers are held accountable for supporting long-term water and sanitation access.

Systems strengthening activities

A building block checklist supported by Welthungerhilfe helped programme staff and government partners to understand what was missing in the sector. Further, Welthungerhilfe Nepal, supported by Aguaconsult, is working with five recently created local authorities to develop strategic WASH Plans, following the Agenda for Change roadmap, that include facilitating dialogue with authorities to define protocols and costs for recurrent monitoring systems. At the national level, Welthungerhilfe has organized two stakeholder workshops to share the plans and encouraged others to share their approaches and experiences to strengthen sector learning and coordination.

Helvetas operates the Integrated Water Resources Management programme which focuses on five different components of water resources management, namely, drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, small irrigation, water governance and advocacy, and water source conservation. Additionally, the programme works to involve women and vulnerable populations and helps communities to develop participatory and inclusive water management plans, known as Water Use Master Plans.

WaterAid collaborates with other organizations to put strong systems in place, and to put water, toilets, and hygiene at the centre of health and education by applying new research and sustainable technology.

Other partners
Entities of the Central Government

Federal government

Local Governments

Municipal governments

All others

German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, German Toilet Organization, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation

  • Systems strengthening activities


  • Political and institutional support for sustainability has increased considerably across local authorities, including increases in budget allocation.
  • Sector workshops have led to central government commitment to increase sector consultation in the development of guidelines for palika WASH planning.
  • Welthungerhilfe’s SSI project is scaling up beyond initial pilot districts.


  • Clear monitoring mandates and protocols at federal and local government levels.
  • High turnover and empty positions of authority figures at local levels.
  • Developing a sector-level profile for organizations working across Nepal to augment the fragmented WASH sector in the country.

How strong are the systems?

To determine how well systems are working, we rely on data derived from Building Blocks, which are manageable ‘sub-systems’ that can be supported and strengthened. Certain building blocks may be more strongly developed or applied at district or national level. Interactions between building blocks are essential.

National level

Building Block




Institutional Arrangements & Coordination

Service Delivery Infrastructure




Regulation & Accountability

Water Resource Management

Learning & Adaptation

  • Not implemented
  • No data yet
  • Poor results
  • Fair results
  • Good results


Systems Library

Please visit the Aguaconsult, Helvetas, WaterAid, and Welthungerhilfe websites for more information.

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Strengthening Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Systems: Concepts, Examples, and Experiences

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Strengthening WASH Systems – The New Normal

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Nepal WASH Sector Review Process: Analysis and recommendations for moving forward

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WaterAid Nepal Country Strategy 2017-2021


Helvetas Irrigation Project

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Post completion study of drinking water and sanitation schemes

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Sanitation and Water for All Nepal Collaborative Behaviours Profile

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USAID Water for the World Nepal Country Plan

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Water Use Master Plan Helvetas Nepal

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A look back at the Systems Learning Exchange | Overview

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Kickstarting WASH systems in newly established local authorities- an experience from Nepal
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