Agenda for Change members working on systems approaches
The Center for Water Security and Cooperation’s (CWSC) RENEWAL initiative aims to accelerate the achievement of water security in Africa by creating the first pan-African water rights platform. Nigeria is one of the five countries targeted by the RENEWAL project.
WaterAid’s Sustainable Total Sanitation (STS) Nigeria project, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, aimed to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, inclusion, and sustainability of total sanitation approaches for the poor and underserved in Nigeria. The program was implemented in three states in Nigeria – Ekiti, Enugu and Jigawa – from 2013-2018.
Systems strengthening activities
Through the RENEWAL (Research and Evaluation of Nexuses of the Exploitation of Water in African Law) initiative, CWSC is creating the first pan-African water law platform to empower countries to achieve the SDGs, sustainably manage their water resources, and provide safe and affordable water and sanitation services to all people. The platform will provide a catalog of all water laws through 10 critical links from the national to local level, with the aims of analyzing the laws to understand how they act to protect and manage water resources, and defining the strengths, weaknesses and gaps in the laws to develop ways to improve them and/or bring them together.
WaterAid’s STS project had four components: implementation, action learning, formal research, and advocacy. STS aimed to develop a model which combined the demand driven, participatory philosophy of CLTS with Sanitation Marketing (SanMark), an approach focusing on creating an effective supply of quality, affordable toilets which meet the needs of local communities. This model was further supported by action learning and advocacy interventions to help review and communicate challenges and successes. The final element of STS was a program of formal research to inform future programs in Nigeria and in other countries facing similar issues, and included an impact evaluation over four years (2014-2018) by the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS).
Entities of the Central Government
Institute for Fiscal Studies, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
How strong are the systems?
To determine how well systems are working, we rely on data derived from Building Blocks, which are manageable ‘sub-systems’ that can be supported and strengthened. Certain building blocks may be more strongly developed or applied at district or national level. Interactions between building blocks are essential.